Elaine V. Rosenthal: Became Chicago’s First Great Female Golfer Despite Anti-Jewish Restrictions of the Day; Essay by Robert Pruter

To illustrate concept in textElaine V. Rosenthal was Chicago’s first superstar golf champion, whose achievements largely occurred before the 1920s. Until Amy Alcott came along in the 1970s, Rosenthal was the most famous female Jewish golfer in the sport, who triumphed over anti-Semitic exclusion and discrimination that pervaded golf in her era.  

 

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Sisters Florence and June Beebe: The First Women Stars of Chicago Public Golf Competition Who Helped Democratize the Elite Sport; Essay by Robert Pruter

To illustrate concept in text

Florence Beebe


JuneBeebe1935rev

June Beebe

Florence and June Beebe, two sisters who grew up in a lower middle class golf playing family, were two of Chicago’s preeminent public course golfers, with their long powerful drives.  Florence was a top champion golfer for a brief few years in the 1920s, and June was a top champion golfer far more successfully in the 1930s. Their golfing success brought them entry into the private club-world of Chicago society and that success proved significant in the democratization of the game of golf in Chicago and suburbs. 

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Evanston Crescent Five: Pioneering Amateur Basketball Team from Chicago; Essay by Raymond Schmidt

Crescent Five of Evanston during the first decade of the twentieth century was one of the top amateur teams in Chicago, competing against schools, YMCAs, and other amateur teams.  The team established a national reputation from tours to other states and Canada, most notably in the 1906-07 season when its nationwide tour of the United States and Canada took its entire season. Sport historians can learn much about basketball in its formative years from this examination of the remarkable Crescent Five.

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Mrs. Melvin Jones: Chicago Golf Talent of Modest Background Excelled at the Country Club Sport; Essay by Robert Pruter

To explain concept in text

Mrs. Melvin Jones, 1924

Mrs. Melvin Jones, who learned golf at the late age of 29, was one of the best American golfers of all time. In Chicago, she dominated the local scene, winning the Women’s Western Golf Association Chicago championship six times, and the Women’s Western Golf Association championship one time. She was unparalleled in the country in stroke-play golf. Compared to her wealthy Chicago contemporaries, notably Edith Cummings and Elaine V. Rosenthal, Jones came from a modest middle class background. Continue reading

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Edith Cummings: the “Dazzling” Chicago Socialite National Champion Golfer of the Roaring Twenties; Essay by Robert Pruter


To explain Concept in text
Chicago socialite Edith Cummings, 1923 National Women’s golf champion,  became an icon of the Jazz Age 1920s as a modern stylish athletic sporting woman. Like no other golfer of the decade she was the ultimate representative of golf as an elite sport.

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Virginia Van Wie, Chicago’s Greatest Female Golfer; Essay by Robert Pruter

To explain Concept in text

Virginia Van Wie, who competed from 1925 through 1934, was Chicago’s greatest female golfer, three-time national champion, and Hall of Famer. She represents the era when golf was much more a rich person’s sport. Her wealthy father, from when she was a 12 year “tomboy” through her adult career, provided her with the top golf instructors and facilitated her entering most all of the women’s tournaments nationwide.

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Chicago High School Girls Pioneer Indoor Baseball for Women; Essay by Robert Pruter

To explain Concept in text

Marshall High School girls’ indoor baseball team, 1912

This history of indoor baseball as played by Chicago high school girls, from the mid-1890s to the early 1920s, is an expanded treatment that I gave the subject in my book, The Rise of American High School Sports and the Search for Control, 1880-1930.

 

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Indoor Baseball in Chicago High Schools, 1892 to 1919; Essay by Robert Pruter

To explain Concept in text

Crane Tech, 1913 indoor baseball champs George Halas in top row third from left,

This history of indoor baseball in Chicago high schools, from 1892 to 1919, is an expanded treatment that I gave the subject in my book, The Rise of American High School Sports and the Search for Control, 1880-1930.

 

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The Complex Story of the Barnstorming Chocolate Co-Eds of Chicago: Exemplification of Black Achievement or Circus Side Show?; Essay by Robert Pruter

To illustrate concept in textThe Chocolate Co-Eds were a female African-American team from Chicago that barnstormed throughout the Midwestern and Western states to primarily white rural audiences as a novelty team or show team from 1934 to 1950. They played mostly boys’ and men’s teams under modified rules and added colorful antics to their game. The Chocolate Co-Eds for a couple of years in the early 1950s also toured and competed in softball against women teams, black and white.

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Spencer Coals: Chicago’s Renown Team of the 1930s that Advanced the Men’s Rule Game over the Prevailing Women’s Rules Game; Essay by Robert Pruter

To illustrate concept in text

Spencer Coals 1933

The Spencer Coals women’s basketball team, which achieved national fame while competing under men’s rules in Chicago and the Midwest in the 1930s, was at the center of the conflict among women’s amateur basketball authorities over playing the moderated women’s rules or the aggressive highly athletic men’s rules.

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